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Saccharin — Is This Sweetener Good or Bad? Saccharin


Saccharin: Is This Sweetener Good or Bad?

The majority of medical professionals agree that saccharin is safe for human consumption. Additionally, substituting artificial sweeteners like saccharin for sugar may aid in weight loss.
One of the first commercially available artificial sweeteners was saccharin. It has been used to sweeten foods and beverages for more than a century.
However, it didn't gain popularity as a sugar substitute until the 1960s and 1970s.
Some claim that substituting saccharin for sugar has positive effects on diabetes, weight loss, and dental health.
The safety of all artificial sweeteners, including this one, is questioned by some people.
This article examines saccharin in depth to determine its health benefits and drawbacks.

What is saccharin?

A synthetic or non-nutritive sweetener is saccharin.
It is created in a lab by oxidizing phthalic anhydride or o-toluene sulfonamide. It appears to be a crystalline white powder.
Since saccharin has no calories or carbs, it is frequently used as a sugar substitute. Saccharin cannot be broken down by humans, so it does not affect your body.
Since it is 300–400 times sweeter than regular sugar, very little is needed to produce a sweet taste.
It might, however, leave a bitter aftertaste. Saccharin is frequently combined with other low- or zero-calorie sweeteners because of this.
For instance, aspartame, another low-calorie sweetener frequently present in carbonated diet beverages, is sometimes combined with saccharin.
Because saccharin is relatively stable and has a long shelf life, food manufacturers frequently use it. Even after being stored for many years, it is safe to eat.
Saccharin is used to sweeten low-calorie candies, jams, jellies, and cookies, in addition to carbonated diet drinks. Numerous medications also contain it.
Saccharin can be used as a sugar substitute in coffee or when baking, or it can be sprinkled on food like cereal or fruit similarly to how table sugar is.



Saccharin is an artificial sweetener with no calories. It is frequently used in place of sugar and is 300–400 times sweeter.

Evidence suggests that it’s safe.

Health officials concur that saccharin is safe for humans to consume.
These include the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
This wasn't always the case, though; in the 1970s, several rat studies found a connection between saccharin and the onset of bladder cancer.
Then it was determined that it might cause human cancer. However, further investigation revealed that the development of cancer in rats did not apply to humans.
There is no conclusive evidence linking saccharin consumption and cancer risk in human observational studies.
Saccharin's classification was changed to "not classifiable as cancerous to humans" because there isn't enough evidence to support a link between the substance and the emergence of cancer.
Many experts still advise against using saccharin because they believe observational studies are insufficient to completely rule out any risk.



According to observational studies conducted on people, there is no proof that saccharin causes cancer or harms human health.

Food sources of saccharin

Numerous diet foods and beverages contain saccharin. As a table sweetener, it is also employed.
It is offered under the brand names Sweet Twin, Necta Sweet, and Sweet 'N Low.
One serving of saccharin, which comes in granule or liquid form, has a sweetness level similar to that of two teaspoons of sugar.
Artificially sweetened beverages are another common source of saccharin, but the FDA limits this amount to no more than 12 mg per fluid ounce.
Many diet drink producers switched to aspartame as a sweetener in the 1970s as a result of the saccharin ban, and they still do so today.
Saccharin is frequently found in baked goods, jams, jellies, chewing gum, candy, canned fruit, salad dressings, and dessert toppings.
Additionally, it is present in cosmetics like mouthwash and toothpaste. It's also a typical component of pharmaceuticals, vitamins, and medicines.
The nutrition label in the European Union will list saccharin as E954 if it has been added to food or beverages.



A common table sweetener is saccharin. In addition, it is present in vitamins, medications, and low-calorie foods and drinks.

How much can you eat?

The FDA has established 2.3 mg of saccharin per pound (5 mg per kilogram) of body weight as the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for humans.
This indicates that you can take 350 mg daily if you weigh 154 pounds (70 kg).
For further context, consider that you could drink 3.7 12-ounce cans of diet soda per day or almost 10 servings of saccharin.
The total amount of saccharin consumed by Americans has not been measured, but research in other European nations has shown that it is well within acceptable limits.



The FDA states that both adults and children can safely consume up to 2.3 mg of saccharin per pound (5 mg per kilogram) of body weight.

Saccharin may have slight weight-loss benefits.

A low-calorie sweetener can be used in place of sugar to aid in weight loss and prevent obesity.
This is because you can consume the foods and beverages you like while consuming fewer calories.
Saccharin can replace 50–100% of the sugar in some food products, depending on the recipe, without significantly affecting the taste or texture.
But some research indicates that consuming artificial sweeteners like saccharin may lead to increased hunger, calorie intake, and weight gain.
A 78,694-woman observational study found that artificial sweetener users gained about 2 pounds (0.9 kg) more weight than non-users.
A high-quality study, however, found that substituting zero- or low-calorie sweeteners for sugar does not result in weight gain after carefully examining all the available data on artificial sweeteners and how they affect calorie intake and body weight.
Instead, it causes a decrease in weight (an average of 3 pounds, or 1.4 kg) and calorie intake (94 fewer calories per meal).



Research indicates that substituting low-calorie sweeteners for sugar can result in minor reductions in calorie intake and body weight.

Its effects on blood sugar levels are unclear.

For diabetics, saccharin is frequently suggested as a sugar substitute.
This is because it does not affect blood sugar levels like refined sugar does and is not metabolized by your body.
Several studies have examined the effects of other artificial sweeteners, but few have examined the effects of saccharin alone on blood sugar levels.
One study with 128 individuals with type 2 diabetes discovered that ingesting Splenda, an artificial sweetener, did not affect blood sugar levels.
Studies using aspartame and other artificial sweeteners produced the same outcome.
Additionally, some short-term studies indicate that switching from sugar to artificial sweeteners may improve blood sugar regulation. The impact is typically quite minimal.
Nevertheless, most research points to the fact that artificial sweeteners have no appreciable impact on either healthy or diabetic individuals' blood sugar levels.



Whether a person has diabetes or not, saccharin is unlikely to have a long-term negative impact on blood sugar regulation.

Replacing sugar with saccharin may help reduce the risk of cavities.

Dental decay is largely caused by added sugar.
The bacteria in your mouth do not ferment artificial sweeteners like saccharin into acid, unlike sugar.
As a result, substituting a low-calorie sweetener for sugar can lower your risk of developing cavities.
This is why it is frequently utilized in medications as a sugar substitute.
It's crucial to be aware that foods and beverages with artificial sweeteners may still contain additional carcinogens.
Some of these are naturally occurring sugars in fruit juices, and certain acids are found in carbonated beverages.



Saccharin can be substituted for sugar to help lower your risk of cavities, but other ingredients may still erode your teeth.

Does it have any negative effects?

The majority of medical experts believe saccharin to be safe for human consumption.
Despite this, some people are still dubious about their potentially detrimental effects on human health.
Using saccharin, sucralose, and aspartame may disturb the balance of bacteria in the gut, according to a recent study.
This field of study has only recently been studied. Nevertheless, there is compelling evidence to suggest that alterations in gut flora are linked to a higher risk of conditions like obesity, type 2 diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, and cancer.
Mice that were given daily doses of aspartame, sucralose, or saccharin in one 11-week study displayed unusually high blood sugar levels. This indicates a higher risk of metabolic disease due to glucose intolerance.
However, the mice's blood glucose levels returned to normal after being given antibiotics that killed the gut bacteria.
A group of healthy individuals who took the maximum dosage of saccharin daily for 5 days underwent the same experiment.
Four of the seven individuals also had abnormally high blood sugar levels and altered gut bacterial composition. The gut bacteria of the others remained unchanged.
According to scientists, the growth of a particular strain of bacteria that is better at converting food into energy may be encouraged by artificial sweeteners like saccharin.
This increases the risk of obesity because there are more food-based calories available.
Even so, this research is fairly recent. The relationship between artificial sweeteners and modifications in gut flora requires more research.



Artificial sweeteners like saccharin may alter gut flora and raise the risk of developing certain diseases, according to preliminary research.

The bottom line

It appears that saccharin is generally safe to consume and a suitable replacement for sugar.
Even though it helps only slightly, it might help with weight loss and prevent cavities.
However, any associated benefits come more from cutting back on or avoiding sugar than from the sweetener itself.


Is saccharin good or bad for you?

Most health authorities agree that saccharin is safe for human consumption.

Why is saccharin good?

Help reduce cavities and aid weight loss.

How much saccharin is safe?

5 milligrams for each kilogram of body weight.

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